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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f8\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f10\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f12\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f14\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl3051\margr3227\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3051\margrsxn3227\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qc\li0\fi0\ri166\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs19 CHAPTER III}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1652\fi0\ri0\sb205\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs26 THERIGVEDIC AGE}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li79\fi0\ri0\sb115\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Origin and Home of the Aryans*-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li14\fi500\ri7\sb144\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw15\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The twilight slowly brightened into dawn, and \i f \i0\expndtw18 the sun of Vedic culture rose on the horizon of f; \expndtw7 Indian history. Who were its progenitors, and where- p \expndtw8 trom do they emerge into our historical view? Ques- i: \expndtw5 tions like these have been a bewildering source of fe \expndtw6 controversy. Some Indian scholars, attaching great || \expndtw10 importance to the Pauranic evidence, strongly main- p \expndtw9 tain that the Aryans were autochthons of the land. i< 6 \expndtw16 But their arguments do not find a wide support.' 1 \expndtw4 Uthers with equal emphasis aver that the original Aryan P \expndtw7 home was the Arctic Circle (B. G. Tilak); or Bactria t \expndtw12 (Khode); or the Pamirs. The general opinion, how- B \expndtw5 ever, is that the Indo-Aryans, as also the Avestan Ira- ff \expndtw3 mans, were a, branch of the ancient "Indo-Germanic" 1 \expndtw5 (Indo-European) peoples or the \i Wiros? \i0 and before their p \expndtw7 eastward migration, perhaps due to divisions, dissen- |! sions, or overgrowth of population in a circumscribed it \expndtw8 area they occupied for long a common habitat, which \i W \i0\expndtw3 has been variously located in Central Asia (Max Miller); \loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'a7 \expndtw7\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 European Steppes, north of the Black Sea (Benfey); if \expndtw6 Central and Western Germany (Geiger); or'Austria, It \expndtw13 Hungary and Bohemia (P. Giles). This belief rests ** \expndtw8 on grounds of the close similarity between the speech}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li317\fi306\ri0\sb205\sa0\sl-187\slmult0\tx5724 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 Taylor, \i The Origin of the Aryans, \i0 London, 1889;\line \i Aryans-, \i0 A. C. Das, \i Rigvedic India \i0 (Calcutta, 1927);\line \i\expndtw12 ^ Arctic Bom in the Vedas \i0 (Poona, 1903); Lachhmi\line \i\charscalex107\expndtw-1 K,iaerlo?ne of the Aryans \i0 (Delhi, 1930).{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw0 P}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi500\ri0\sb32\sa0\sl-176\slmult0\tx5724 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 P. Giles uses the term 'Wiros,' meaning 'men' in most of  the \loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'95\line \expndtw1\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 early languages \i (Cam. Hist. Ind., \i0 Vol. I, p. 66){\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw12 **}\par }